Batticaloa Beach Resort, Eastern Province, Sri Lanka
Ancient historical archives refer to this city as “Naaga Deepa”. Tamil people who are the majority ethnic group call it “Mattakallappu” which means “muddy swamp”. However, the English called the city as Batticaloa or “Batti” in short .
The kingdom of Batticaloa has been established by king Koothikan in 700 BC but later annexed to the Cholan kingdom by king Karikala Cholan who took many from the island to south India. Later the Sinhalese king Gajabahu of Rajarata kingdom waged war with the south Indian Chola empire and brought the captives back to Sri Lanka. The eastern region and Batticaloa fell into the hands of invading Portuguese in the 17th century. Subsequently, the Dutch and the British took over the the entire region. The Portuguese built the Batticaloa Fort, with for bastions bordered by the lagoon, in 1628. But the Dutch captured it 10 years later.
Present day :
Today, the fortress is known as the “Dutch Fort”. The Dutch, after several years of occupation, surrendered to the British and handed it over in 1772. The Fort stands as a monument to all the three Colonial masters who ruled the island for more than four ceturies. The world’s first custom built aircraft carrier of the British Royal Navy, HMS Hermes, was sunk by Japanese bombers off the coast of Batticaloa during the World War II. This area is one of the best wreck dives in the world.
Batticaloa is also popular as “The land of the singing Fish” due to the fact that melodious sounds from fish can be heard from the Kallady lagoon near the Lady Manning Bridge on full moon days. The Burghers of Batticaloa, a small community whose heritage dates back to the Portuguese and Dutch periods reflecting their heritage of language, music and dance still live here with other ethnic groups.
Batticaloa is situated on flat coastal plain in the eastern coast of Sri Lanka. It is 315 kilometres away from the capital city of Colombo by road and only 221 kilometres by air. The city has links by road, railway and domestic airlines. Public and private transport from Batti is available to other parts of Sri Lanka.
Batticaloa’ climate can be classified as tropical, wet and dry. The period from November to February records a heavy monsoon rains where the average temperature rises up to around 25 degrees Celsius.
Heritage Museum of Kattankudy
St. Mary’s Cathedral (Catholic)
Hindu temples (Hindu)
Diving & Snorkeling
Dolphin & Whale watching
- Photo Credits:
Photo courtesy of Indi
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